Dividend decisions and a company`s policy mean its future and financial well-being. It must therefore be systematically designed and implemented. In this regard, a certain percentage of the company`s profits can be considered a dividend to shareholders. If earnings are high, shareholder profits will also increase and vice versa. This is one of the most appropriate measures to create goodwill. In the financial history of the world, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) was the first registered (public) company to pay regular dividends.   The VOC paid annual dividends over nearly 200 years (1602-1800) for approximately 18 per cent of the value of the shares.  As part of the irregular dividend policy, the company is not required to pay its shareholders and the board of directors may decide what will happen to the profits. If they make an unusual profit in a given year, they may decide to distribute it to shareholders or not to distribute dividends at all, retaining profits for commercial and future expansion projects. Dividends paid by companies are considered positive by both investors and companies. Companies that do not distribute dividends are valued the opposite by investors, which has an impact on the share price. Proponents of the relevance of dividends point out that regular dividends reduce shareholder uncertainty, i.e.
the company`s result is discounted at a lower rate, which increases market value. However, if there is increased uncertainty due to non-payment of dividends, the exact opposite is true. (iv) money made available by the central government or a state government for the payment of the dividend under the guarantee granted by that government. A dividend is a distribution of a company`s profits to its shareholders.  When a company makes a profit or surplus, it is able to pay a portion of the profit to shareholders in the form of a dividend. Each amount not distributed is recorded as a reinvestment in the business (“untributed profits”). Earnings for the current year as well as un distributed profits from previous years are available for distribution; A company is generally prohibited from paying a dividend on its capital. Distribution to shareholders can be made in cash (usually a deposit into a bank account) or, if the entity has a dividend reinvestment plan, the amount can be paid by issuing additional shares or by repurchase of shares. In some cases, it may be assets. Dividend policy focuses on fiscal policy for the payment of a cash dividend in the present or on the payment of a dividend increased at a later date. Whether and how much dividends are paid is determined primarily on the basis of the company`s unted income (cash surplus) and influenced by the company`s long-term profitability.
If there is a cash surplus and the company does not need it, management is expected to pay some or all of these excess profits in the form of cash dividends or to repurchase the company`s shares through a share repurchase program. The objective is to focus dividend policy on long-term growth of the company and not on quarterly revenue volatility. This approach enhances shareholder security about the amount and date of the dividend. Shareholder expectations: Shareholders` investment objectives and intentions determine their dividend expectations. Some shareholders view dividends as regular income, while others seek capital gain or valuation. The distribution of profits by other forms of mutual organization is also different from that of limited companies, but cannot take the form of a dividend.