In medieval Japan, the relations between the powerful Daimyōs and Shugo and the subordinate Jizamurai have an obvious resemblance to the Western vassal, although there are also some significant differences. The link between a lord and a vassal was established in a ceremony that served to celebrate the fief. The vassal knelt before the Lord, and laid his hands as a sign of subordination between those of the Lord. Immediately afterwards, the Lord lifted the vassal at his feet and kissed him on the mouth to symbolize their social equality. The vassal then recited a predetermined oath of allegiance, and the Lord delivered a piece of land to the vassal. At the beginning of the ninth century, control of Europe was largely under the rule of one man, Emperor Charles the Great (771-814). Instead of military service, some vassals obtained a socage or a mandate in exchange for performing a large number of tasks. These tasks were generally agricultural, but they could take other forms, such as for example. B the personal care of the Lord. Other vassals received a scutage where the vassal agreed to pay money instead of military service. Priests obtained other forms of mandate in exchange for their religious services. Predictably, the relationship between lord and vassal became a struggle to reduce the services the fief needed. Lords, as vassals of the king, joined their own vassals in revolting against the high cost of feudal disposition.
In England, this struggle culminated in the MAGNA CHARTA, a constitutional document sealed in 1215 by King John (1199-1216) that marked the beginning of the end of feudalism. The Magna Charta, imposed by his masters on King John, contained 38 chapters that set out the Crown`s claims to freedom, including restrictions on the crown`s rights to the land. In the time of Charlemagne (ruled 768-814), the link developed slowly between vassalage and the granting of land, the most important form of wealth at the time. Among contemporary social developments were agricultural “land rule” and social and legal structures, which were called – but only since the eighteenth century – “feudalism”. These developments have been at different rates in the different regions. During the Merovingian period (5th century to 752), monarchs rewarded only the greatest and most trustworthy vassals with countries. Even with the most extreme decentralization of all the remnants of central power, in the France of the 10th. .